Hermitage Masterpieces

CHINESE Crab-shaped box on a leaf tray (1740s –50s) silver, enamel, silver-gilt (a) 4.0 x 14.0 x 13.0 cm (box) (b) 3.0 x 22.0 x 17.0 cm (stand) The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ЛС-9 а,б, ВВс-186)
CHINESE
Crab-shaped box on a leaf tray (1740s –50s)
silver, enamel, silver-gilt
(a) 4.0 x 14.0 x 13.0 cm (box)
(b) 3.0 x 22.0 x 17.0 cm (stand)
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ЛС-9 а,б, ВВс-186)

Masterpieces from the Hermitage

The Legacy of Catherine the Great showcases one of the world’s greatest art collections. featuring works by artists including Rembrandt, Rubens, Velázquez and Van Dyck. The exhibition offers more than 400 outstanding works including one of the finest groups of Dutch and Flemish art to come to Australia.

NGV Programme for Masterpieces of the Hermitage.
NGV Programme for Masterpieces of the Hermitage.

The Premier of Victoria, the Hon. Daniel Andrews MP said, ‘Masterpieces from the Hermitage: The Legacy of Catherine the Great showcases treasures from one of the largest, oldest and most visited museums in the world. Another major event for Melbourne, this exhibition provides visitors with a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see first-hand the extraordinary personal collection of Catherine the Great, drawn from the state Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg.’

Alexander ROSLIN Swedish 1718–93 Portrait of Catherine II 1776–77 oil on canvas 271.0 х 189.5 cm The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ- 1316) Acquired from the artist, 1777
Alexander ROSLIN
Swedish 1718–93
Portrait of Catherine II 1776–77
oil on canvas
271.0 х 189.5 cm
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ- 1316)
Acquired from the artist, 1777

Catherine the Great’s reign from 1762 to 1796 was known as a golden age and is remembered for her exceptional patronage of the arts, literature and education. Of German heritage, Catherine the Great was well connected in European art and literature circles. She saw herself as a reine-philosophe (Philosopher Queen), a new kind of ruler in the age of enlightenment. Guided by Europe’s leading intellectuals, such as the French philosophers Voltaire and Diderot, she sought to modernise Russia’s economy, industry and government, drawing inspiration both from classical antiquity and contemporary cultural and political developments in Western europe.

Anthony van DYCK Flemish 1599–1641 Portrait of Philadelphia and Elizabeth Wharton 1640 oil on canvas 162.0 х 130.0 cm The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ-533) Acquired from the collection of Sir Robert Walpole, Houghton Hall, 1779
Anthony van DYCK
Flemish 1599–1641
Portrait of Philadelphia and Elizabeth Wharton 1640
oil on canvas
162.0 х 130.0 cm
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ-533) Acquired from the collection of Sir Robert Walpole, Houghton Hall, 1779

A prolific acquirer of art of the period, Catherine the Great’s collection reflects the finest contemporary art of the 18th century as well as the world’s best old masters of the time, with great works by French, German, Chinese, British, Dutch and Flemish artists. Notable in this exhibition are entire groups of works acquired from renowned collections from France, Germany and england representing the best collections offered for sale at the time.

Anthony van DYCK Flemish 1599–1641 Family portrait (c. 1619) oil on canvas 113.5 х 93.5 cm (Inv. no. ГЭ-534) The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg Acquired from a private collection, Brussels, 1774
Anthony van DYCK Flemish 1599–1641 Family portrait (c. 1619) oil on canvas
113.5 х 93.5 cm (Inv. no. ГЭ-534)
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg Acquired from a private collection, Brussels, 1774
REMBRANDT Harmensz. van Rijn Dutch 1606–69 Young woman trying on earrings 1657 oil on wood panel 39.5 х 32.5 cm The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ-784) Acquired from the collection of the Comte de Baudouin, Paris, 1781
REMBRANDT Harmensz. van Rijn Dutch 1606–69
Young woman trying on earrings 1657 oil on wood panel
39.5 х 32.5 cm
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ-784) Acquired from the collection of the Comte de Baudouin, Paris, 1781

The exhibition features four Rembrandt’s, including the notable Young woman trying on earrings, known as one of most intimate images Rembrandt ever created. The exhibition also includes 80 particularly fine drawings by artists including Poussin, Rubens, Clouet and Greuze.

Leonardo DA VINCI (school of) Female nude (Donna Nuda) (early 16th century) oil on canvas 86.5 х 66.5 cm The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ-110) Acquired from the collection of Sir Robert Walpole, Houghton Hall, 1779
Leonardo DA VINCI (school of)
Female nude (Donna Nuda) (early 16th century)
oil on canvas
86.5 х 66.5 cm
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ГЭ-110) Acquired from the collection of Sir Robert Walpole, Houghton Hall, 1779

Exquisite decorative arts have come to Australia for the exhibition, including 60 items from the Cameo Service of striking enamel-painted porcelain made by the Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory in Paris. Commissioned by Catherine the Great for her former lover and military commander, Prince Grigory Potemkin, the dinner service features carved and painted imitation cameos — miniature works of art — based on motifs from the French royal collection.

SÈVRES PORCELAIN FACTORY, Sèvres (manufacturer) France est. 1756 Cameo Service 1778–79 porcelain (soft-paste), gilt The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg Commissioned by Catherine ll as a gift for Prince Grigory Potemkin in 1777; Potemkin's Taurida Palace, St Petersburg from 1779; transferred to the Hofmarshal's Office of the Winter Palace after his death; 1922 transferred to the State Hermitage Museum
SÈVRES PORCELAIN FACTORY, Sèvres (manufacturer) France est. 1756
Cameo Service 1778–79
porcelain (soft-paste), gilt
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg
Commissioned by Catherine ll as a gift for Prince Grigory Potemkin in 1777; Potemkin’s Taurida Palace, St Petersburg from 1779; transferred to the Hofmarshal’s Office of the Winter Palace after his death; 1922 transferred to the State Hermitage Museum

Director of the Hermitage Museum, Mikhail Piotrovsky, said, ‘these outstanding works from the personal collection of Catherine the Great represent the crown jewels of the Museum. It was through the collection of these works and Catherine the Great’s exceptional vision that the Hermitage was founded. Today it is one of the most visited museums in the world. We are very pleased to be able to share these precious works with Australian audiences at the 250-year anniversary of this important institution.’

CHINESE Toilet service (early 18th century) glass, mercury amalgam, paper, silver, filigree, parcel-gilt, wood, velvet, peacock and king-fisher feathers, mother-of- pearl, crystals The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ЛС-472/ 1,2, ВВс-373)
CHINESE
Toilet service (early 18th century)
glass, mercury amalgam, paper, silver, filigree, parcel-gilt, wood, velvet, peacock and king-fisher feathers, mother-of- pearl, crystals
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. no. ЛС-472/ 1,2, ВВс-373)

Visitors to the exhibition can immerse themselves in Catherine the Great’s world evoking a sensory experience of a visit to the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg. The exhibition design has rich treatments of architectural details, interior furnishings, wallpapers and a colour palette directly inspired by the Hermitage’s gallery spaces. Enveloping multimedia elements give visitors a sense of being inside the Hermitage, evoking the lush and opulent interiors.

Peter Paul RUBENS and workshop Flemish 1577–1640 The Adoration of the Magi (c. 1620) oil on canvas 235.0 х 277.5 cm The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. No ГЭ-494) Acquired from the collection of Dufresne, Amsterdam, 1770
Peter Paul RUBENS and workshop Flemish 1577–1640
The Adoration of the Magi (c. 1620) oil on canvas
235.0 х 277.5 cm
The State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg (Inv. No ГЭ-494) Acquired from the collection of Dufresne, Amsterdam, 1770

The foundations of the Hermitage Museum were laid in 1764 by Catherine the Great and the museum has been open to the general public since 1852. With 3 million items in its holdings, the Hermitage is often regarded as having the finest collection of paintings in the world today. in 2014, the Hermitage celebrated its 250-year anniversary and opened a new wing with 800 rooms dedicated to art from the 19th to 21st centuries.

For more information and booking details please visit the NGV site.

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